By ITIL® from Experience© with contribution by John Gabel
The number of individuals required depends on:
- The scope of the process (e.g. includes Asset Management, type of Configuration items managed)
- Other duties the Configuration Librarian will fulfill (e.g. manage the Definitive Media Library)
- The Centralization or decentralization of the CMDB updates (i.e. staffed position1 vs. roles2 )
- The volume of transactions and expected effort required to complete each one
The description of the Configuration Librarian evolved a lot between ITIL® version 2 and version 33 Thus, rely on your process to understand the responsibilities the librarian is expected to fulfill. As a matter of fact, it is always preferable to design the process first, before determining people’s roles and responsibilities. For example, if the organization’s Configuration Management process includes Asset Management its design will be different than if it does not.
Several organizations design their Configuration Management and Change Management processes to centralize all updates to Configuration Items (CI) and the Configuration Management Database (CMDB) so that they are done by the Configuration Librarian(s). Here are some steps to determine how many positions are required for a centralized approach.First, prepare a Job Description
Definition of JOB DESCRIPTION: an orderly record of the essential activities involved in the performance of a task that is abstracted from a job analysis and used in classifying and evaluating jobs and in the selection and placement of employees
- Be the custodian of the Definitive Media Library
- Manage software licenses
- Perform CI audits
- Identify and report unauthorized changes to the Change Manager
Second, estimate the workload of these responsibilities by analyzing the expected volume of transactions for the process. For example:
- The number of CIs acquired, retired or life-cycled each year (most Accounting/Finance Department typically has this data if it’s not available from IT)
- The number of CI attributes maintained
- The number of Request For Change (RFC) requiring an update to CIs based on the scope of the Configuration Management process
- The number of audits conducted each year/quarter/month
- The work required to address discrepancies between the live environment and the CI records generated by a discovery tool
Next estimate how long it would take to process each transaction and to fulfill the responsibilities. Keep in mind that the functionality of the ITSM tool can greatly influence the workload especially if the Configuration Librarian has to manually transpose information from the RFC to the CI record instead of receiving a workflow task and clicking on the “Update CI” button. Also, the resource(s) leave (e.g. vacation, sick days) must be factored in their work week along with approximately a 10% overhead due to meetings, process improvement work, training and other lost effort.
Nonetheless, estimating how many people are required is a challenge especially for a new process as it will require more attention and work at the onset. Although the start-up effort typically diminishes as the process is incorporated into the usual work practices this freed up effort is usually absorbed by additional transaction volume due to process uptake and request for improvements.
Given that in some organizations cannot staff a position4 for this work due to financial constraints, an alternative and the preferred approach for the Configuration Librarian is to make it a role. In the 2011 Edition of version 3, ITIL® focuses the Configuration Librarian as a role and a custodian of CIs. Using a role approach at least one Configuration Librarian is needed per types of CIs in the CMDB (e.g. servers, network equipment). A similar approach to evaluate the number of positions required can then be used to determine how many people each group requires to perform this role.
- Design your process and determine if CMDB updates will be performed by a position or a role (e.g. centralized vs. decentralized)
- For a position: a) prepare a job description, b) estimate volume of transactions, c) estimate how much effort is required to fulfill the job responsibilities and to process the transactions and, d) factor in non-work/productive time of the resource(s).
- For a role, prepare a role description and estimate the effort required for that team.
Regardless if a position or role is used it is important that a backup individual(s) is identified to avoid the process from being on “vacation” while the individual is away — especially if the organization has a policy that no un-registered CIs can be deployed thus, preventing the organization from making certain changes.
- Should we automatically import auto-discovered CIs in the CMDB
- Who is responsible for the CI relationships
- Should everyone be allowed to create CIs
- Where can I find a RACI Matrix for the overall Service Lifecycle processes
- What level should the Change Manager position be to have the authority to reject RFCs
Definition of position: an employment for which one has been hired: job
Definition of role: A set of responsibilities, activities and authorities assigned to a person or team. A role is defined in a process or function. One person or team may have multiple roles – for example, the roles of configuration manager and change manager may be carried out by a single person. Role is also used to describe the purpose of something or what it is used for.
Source: ITIL® glossary and abbreviations, English, 2011 http://www.itil-officialsite.com/InternationalActivities/TranslatedGlossaries.aspx
(ITIL® Service Transition) One or more locations in which the definitive and authorized versions of all software configuration items are securely stored. The definitive media library may also contain associated configuration items such as licences and documentation. It is a single logical storage area even if there are multiple locations. The definitive media library is controlled by service asset and configuration management and is recorded in the
configuration management system.
Source: ITIL® glossary and abbreviations, English, 2011 www.itil-officialsite.com/InternationalActivities/TranslatedGlossaries.aspx
b) In the 2007 Edition of ITIL® version 3 (Section 220.127.116.11, Service Transition, 185) the emphasis was closer to being a Configuration Manager than an administrative support role as it included responsibilities such as: creating an identification scheme for the Configuration Libraries, the Definitive Media Library and for spare assets It also administers changes to the Configuration Management process and the definition of the scope of CIs and Assets.
c) Finally, in the 2011 Edition of ITIL® v3 (Section 18.104.22.168, Service Transition, p. 230), the role was adjusted to simply being the custodian of the CI information.
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